Thursday, July 23, 2009

Asp.Net Ajax Extender Control Tutorial

I built several Extender Control and Script Control in my provious posts within PainControls assembly, which you can download. You can search the resource about how to build extender control or script control on web. However, I'd still like to write something on it in my words. If you are interesting on that, you can check this article.

Microsoft ASP.Net Ajax Extensions enables you to expand the capabilities of an ASP.Net Web Application in order to create a rich client user experience. We can make use of ScriptControl or ExtenderControl to build a rich client behavior or web control. The difference between ExtenderControl and ScriptControl is that Extender is used on creating client script capabilities on an existing control, which is called "TargetControl" for this behavior, whereas ScriptControl is an absolute web control which contains rich client functionality. For example, when we'd like to build a ModalPopup which will pop out an existing Panel, show/hide functionality is the client script application, then we can build it as ExtenderControl. However, for ScriptControl, for instance, TabContainer which is the entirely new web control contains the client script functionality, so we can build it as ScriptControl.

1. To encapsulate the client behavior for use by ASP.NET page developers, you can use an extender control. An extender control is a Web server control that inherits the ExtenderControl abstract class in the System.Web.UI namespace.
Extender control is used for client script functionality extension of an existing web control. It can be applied to specific Web server control types. You identify the types of Web server controls to which an extender control can be applied by using the TargetControlTypeAttribute attribute.
(The sample code as below is according to the TimePicker which is from

public class TimePicker: ExtenderControl

2. The following two methods of the ExtenderControl abstract class that you must implement in an extender control.

protected override IEnumerable GetScriptDescriptors(Control targetControl)
ScriptControlDescriptor descriptor = new ScriptControlDescriptor("PainControls.TimePicker", targetControl.ClientID);
descriptor.AddElementProperty("errorSpan", this.NamingContainer.FindControl(ErrorPresentControlID).ClientID);
descriptor.AddProperty("timeType", TimeType);
descriptor.AddEvent("showing", OnClientShowing);
yield return descriptor;

protected override IEnumerable GetScriptReferences()

yield return new ScriptReference(Page.ClientScript.GetWebResourceUrl(this.GetType(), "PainControls.TimePicker.TimePicker.js"));

3. Embed Css reference in PreRender phase.

private void RenderCssReference()
string cssUrl = Page.ClientScript.GetWebResourceUrl(this.GetType(), "PainControls.TimePicker.TimePicker.css");
HtmlLink link = new HtmlLink();

link.Href = cssUrl;
link.Attributes.Add("type", "text/css");
link.Attributes.Add("rel", "stylesheet");

4. Set all resources(contain images, css file and js file) embedded in this extender control as "Embedded Resource"(property "Build Action").

5. This extender control can derive from IExtenderControl interface and a server control, instead of ExtenderControl if you'd like to.

The control can derive from other server controls if you want to make it inherit a server control than ExtenderControl. In this scenario, it should derive from IExtenderControl interface and a server control class. Meanwhile, we have another three steps need to do:
1) Define TargetControl property
2) Override OnPreRender method. Register the web control as the ExtenerControl in OnPreRender phase.
ScriptManager manager = ScriptManager.GetCurrent(this.Page);
if (manager == null)
throw new InvalidOperationException("A ScriptManager is required on the page.");
3) Override Render method. Register the script descriptor which has been defined.

6. The rest work is on client-side. Register client NameSpace first.


7. Build client class.

PainControls.TimePicker = function(element)
PainControls.TimePicker.prototype = {

8. Register the class that inherits "Sys.UI.Behavior".

PainControls.TimePicker.registerClass('PainControls.TimePicker', Sys.UI.Behavior);

9. Call base method in constructor method

PainControls.TimePicker.initializeBase(this, [element]);

10. Implementing the Initialize and Dispose Methods.
Build "initialize" and "dispose" method in prototype of the class. The initialize method is called when an instance of the behavior is created. Use this method to set default property values, to create function delegates, and to add delegates as event handlers. The dispose method is called when an instance of the behavior is no longer used on the page and is removed. Use this method to free any resources that are no longer required for the behavior, such as DOM event handlers.

initialize: function() {
PainControls.TimePicker.callBaseMethod(this, 'initialize');
dispose: function() {

PainControls.TimePicker.callBaseMethod(this, 'dispose');

11. Defining the Property Get and Set Methods.
Each property identified in the ScriptDescriptor object of the extender control's GetScriptDescriptors(Control) method must have corresponding client accessors. The client property accessors are defined as get_<:property> and set_<:property> methods of the client class prototype.

get_timeType: function() {
return this._timeType;
set_timeType: function(val) {

if (this._timeType !== val) {
this._timeType = val;

12. Defining the Event Handlers for the DOM Element
1) Defining the handler in constructor function:
this._element_focusHandler = null;
2) Associate the handler with the DOM Element event in initailize method:
this._element_focusHandler = Function.createDelegate(this, this._element_onfocus);
3) Add the handler in initailize method:
$addHandler(this.get_element(), 'focus', this._element_focusHandler)
4) Build callback method about this event:

13. Defining the Event Handlers for the behavior
Each event identified in the ScriptDescriptor object of the extender control's GetScriptDescriptors(Control) method must have corresponding client accessors. The client event accessors are defined as add_<:event> and remove_<:event> methods of the client class prototype. The method Raise<:event> is defined to trigger the event.

add_showing: function(handler) {
this.get_events().addHandler("showing", handler);
remove_showing: function(handler) {
this.get_events().removeHandler("showing", handler);

raiseShowing: function(eventArgs) {
var handler = this.get_events().getHandler('showing');

if (handler) {
handler(this, eventArgs);

14. Use this extender control TimePicker in page.
1) Register the assembly in page.

<%@ Register TagPrefix="PainControls" Assembly="PainControls" Namespace="PainControls" %>

2) Add a ScriptManager control in page, and create TimePicker control to bind on a TextBox.

<asp:textbox id="TextBox1" runat="server" text=""></asp:textbox>
<PainControls:timepicker id="t1" runat="server" targetcontrolid="TextBox1" timetype="H24">

Friday, July 17, 2009

AjaxControlToolkit ComboBox not showing in TabContainer

We have been refered that combobox is not appearing in ModalPopup:

But somebody found that it also will pop out script error on the line b.width=c+"px" if combobox is in the TabPanel which is not the default active panel in tabcontainer.

For example, we have 2 combobox controls, one is in the TabPanel1, and the other is in TabPanel2. TabPanel1 is the default active tabPanel. After initialized, it will pop out the error, then combobox1 in tabpanel1 is displaying, but combobox2 not.

Check the following sample about it.

<ajaxToolkit:TabContainer ID="TabContainer1" runat="server" Height="228px"
<ajaxToolkit:TabPanel ID="tabpane1" runat="server" HeaderText="tab1">
<ajaxToolkit:ComboBox runat="server" ID="ComboBox1" MaxLength="100" AutoCompleteMode="Suggest">
<asp:ListItem Text="ABC" Value="ABC"></asp:ListItem>
<asp:ListItem Text="XYZ" Value="XYZ"></asp:ListItem>
<ajaxToolkit:TabPanel ID="TabPanel2" runat="server" HeaderText="Tab2">
<ajaxToolkit:ComboBox runat="server" ID="ComboBox2" MaxLength="100" AutoCompleteMode="Suggest">
<asp:ListItem Text="ABC" Value="ABC"></asp:ListItem>
<asp:ListItem Text="XYZ" Value="XYZ"></asp:ListItem>

(You can try this sample. Because Combobox2 is in the TabPanel2, which is an inactive panel, it will pop out the error and it will make Combobox2 off.)

This issue is attributable to the tabpanel which is not active is invisible, combobox can't get the correct offsetHeight and offsetWidth any more.

So, the approach to resolve it is setting the TabPanel2 to be visible so that combobox can create in gear.
Combobox will be created in initialized phase. So we have to set TabPanel2 to be visible before combobox creates and set it back in pageLoad phase.

<script type="text/javascript">
$get('<%=TabPanel2.ClientID %>').style.visibility = "visible";
$get('<%=TabPanel2.ClientID %>').style.display = "block";

function pageLoad() {
$get('<%=TabPanel2.ClientID %>').style.visibility = "hidden";
$get('<%=TabPanel2.ClientID %>').style.display = "none";


Put the above script after document body and form content. It will let Combobox1 and combobox2 showing according to he above HTML sample.


Thursday, July 16, 2009

Ajax TimePicker/ClockPicker control


Last time I made a Custom DropDown. Please check the following image about this Ajax control.

Blog link:

It introduces how to build a DropDown/ComboBox by Asp.Net Ajax ScriptControl. You can download this control in above link.

I made a TimePicker/ClockPicker this time, hope it can help you. See the following image about this ajax TimePicker.

You can drag the hour/minute pointer to select a time. It supports 12h and 24h format.

You can download from:

(PainControls contain dropdown and timepicker so far)

If you'd like to use this ajax control, please check the below:

1.Add the reference PainControls.dll, and check the sample code as below.

<asp:TextBox ID="TextBox1" Text="" runat="server"></asp:TextBox> <Pain:TimePicker runat="server" ID="t1" TargetControlID="TextBox1" TimeType="H24" />
TargetControl: which TextBox(only TextBox) is bound on TimePicker
TimeType: H24/H12 -- Time format
ErrorPrensentControlID: the control can display the time validation information. You can assign it as some span or label to bind on it.
And there are several client Events you can use:
OnClientShowing : client showing event
OnClientShown : client shown event
OnClientHiding: client hiding event
OnClientHidden: client hidden event
OnClientHourSelectionChanged: it triggers when you select new hour value by mouse. It will trigger when mouse up.
OnClientMinuteSelectionChanged: it triggers when you select new minute value by mouse. It will trigger when mouse up.
2. You need use FrameWork 3.5 sp1 to support this control. (You can recompile the files if you want to use in FrameWork 2.0)
3. Don't forget adding a ScriptManager control in the page.
4. If you want to set a default Time for TimePicker, please set a default value in TextBox. It will reset the time according to the value of TextBox bound.